To connect 4 speakers to a 2 Channel Amp, you need proper wiring and a setup plan. There are three different ways to connect them – wiring the speakers in a series combination, wiring them in a parallel configuration, and connecting the entire setup using a speaker selector switch.
Other than just connecting 4 speakers to a 2 Channel Amp, you can also add some extra DJ speakers to a home system using the above methods mentioned. But, we must remind you that any wrong configuration can lead to damage within the internal circuits of the device.
So, it is best to go through the step-by-step process mentioned in this guide to get it done in a safe and effective way.
In This Article:
Method 1: In a series configuration
If you are wiring the Amo with the 4 speakers in a series combination, then first find out whether it can handle the entire impedance. A series combination can produce big returns in the form of sound output, but you need to check the specifications for both the Amp and the speakers. Also, you need to ensure that they are compatible to work around when connected in series.
Before you begin, you must understand the difference between positive and negative terminals and be very specific when you are connecting the terminals with a wire. You need to equally match the wiring to carry forward this process. Also, verify whether the two-channel Amp is capable of handling all 4 speakers together.
To proceed, here are the steps you must follow:
You must connect the positive terminal of the Amp with the positive terminal of the first speaker. Then, connect the negative terminal of the first speaker to the positive terminal of the second speaker.
Next, you have to repeat all the steps in the exact way mentioned till all 4 speakers are connected together. It will form a chain or series. Now, when you are about to close the circuit, connect the negative terminal of the first speaker to the negative terminal on the amplifier.
You must verify whether there is any loose connection between the wires. Otherwise, it can cause damage to the speakers. Also, you must close the circuit appropriately so that it forms a closed loop.
When the connection is set, try to play music and check whether you are getting loud and effective sound quality.
Method 2: In parallel combination
It has been confirmed that when you are connecting 4 speakers and 2 channel Amp in parallel connection, it will give out the best sound output than the combined in a series. You just need a high-quality Amp so that the sound does not get degraded or distorted. The method is quite simple, and there is no complex wiring configuration.
To proceed, here are the steps you must follow:
You need to connect the positive terminal and the negative terminal from the left channel of the Amp to one of the left speakers. Next, you need to connect the first speaker to the second speaker in the exact same way.
You have to connect the positive end to the positive and the negative end to the negative terminal. Now, when you have connected the first channel to the speakers, you must repeat the process for the second terminal as well.
Now, you need to connect the right side terminal on the Amp. The only obligation that you might find is cable management and the wiring system. But, when you are done with the connection, you will enjoy the solid sound that is coming from the setup.
Do remember when you are carrying forward with a parallel system, they need enough power otherwise, the Amp sound might become degraded or even distorted.
Method 3: Use of switch box
If you have a Switch box, then you can use it to connect 4 speakers with 2 channel Amp. The method is quite simple: You need to add wires to both the positive and negative terminals for all the speakers that you are about to use. Now, connect the positive wire to the negative terminal on the switch box coming from each of the speakers.
You have to repeat the same process for the negative wire coming from the speakers as well. Now, you have to connect your Amp to the switch box, where you have to connect the left channel to the left terminal and the right channel to the right terminal of the Amp.
You will find the designated channel terminals mentioned on the switch box, so carefully follow them. When you are using 4 speakers, then you can adjust the level for each of the speakers and also split the system into two separate lots.
Useful Tips to Connect 4 Speakers with 2 Channel Amp
The three methods mentioned above might seem to be quite simple, but there are certain hazards associated with the setup when you are working with such a large number of wiring and cable systems.
So, follow these tips carefully:
- When you are setting up a connection, try not to overload the Amp because if the Amp is overloaded, then it can become damaged.
- You must know that amplifier power is limited, so if you want more power, you have to get high-graded equipment. Now, for that, you cannot forcefully make an Amp work more than its capability.
- When you are trying to push an Amp through its limits, the sound created might become distorted, and there is also a struggle with the bass. So, try not to push the limits.
- Before you start setting up the speakers and connecting them with the Amp, understand whether it is compatible. So, double-check the user manual and also check the impedance of the audio equipment.
- Every electrical device comes with certain safety management and precautions, so whenever you are working with such devices, you must go through the manufacturer’s instructions and try to avoid anything that can seem to be risky.
- If you get the information that the speakers on the Amp are not compatible and you won’t be able to connect them, then drop the idea of connecting them.
How many channels does an Amp require for 4 speakers?
If you have a 4-channel amp, then it can power 4 speakers perfectly. The setup might include 2 speakers and 1 subwoofer. Moreover, you can also use this four-channel Amp to power up 2 rear full-range speakers and a woofer. All you have to do is form the bridge that would connect them appropriately.